Accounting Articles

December 22, 2013

“Closing the books” is an important process in the life cycle of any company. It is necessary for both reporting and tax purposes and helps management assess the health and well-being of the business. In this article, we will look at why the process is necessary and discuss the role played by the Income Summary account at the end of a fiscal year.

December 16, 2013

Par value and no par value stocks exist and accounting for them may be different. In this article, we will review par value of stock, watered stock and sample journal entries to account for issuing stocks.

December 4, 2013

Fraud related to pocketing cash is not uncommon. One of the ways to steal cash used by fraud perpetrators is lapping schemes. In this article, we review how lapping schemes work and how they can be limited or prevented in your company.

October 31, 2013

Companies often provide warranties to their customers. There may be standard warranties and extended warranties. Standard warranties are provided when a product is sold and may cover periods from a few months to multiple years. Extended warranties usually require a separate payment and cover periods in addition or after standard warranties. Companies need to account for standard and extended warranties appropriately. We will discuss such accounting in this article.

September 26, 2013

Most businesses have bank accounts. A number of situations can take place in relation to such accounts. For example, a company may have written checks in excess of a bank balance. Or a company may have a zero balance account and any checks that clear the company’s bank account are financed by a revolving line of credit. How should these transactions be recorded on the balance sheet? What about the statement of cash flows? In this article you will find answers to these questions.

August 13, 2013

Organizations purchase insurance to obtain protection from unforeseen events and to “share” the cost of potential losses with other entities. Insurance can cover business, auto, health and workers’ compensation losses, among others. In this article, we will look at situations when insurance companies quote an annual premium for coverage and how this is accounted for.

July 6, 2013

Numerous suppliers (e.g., in the automotive industry) work with their customers to design and develop products or molds, dies, and other tools to manufacture such products. These costs may be called preproduction costs related to long-term supply arrangements. Under these arrangements, customers sometimes reimburse suppliers for the incurred costs. In this article, we will discuss accounting for such costs.

June 21, 2013

External financing often represents a significant or important part of a company’s capital structure. Companies obtain such financing to fund working capital, acquire a business, etc. The process of obtaining a loan or issuing debt securities involves costs. In this article, we will look at accounting requirements for debt issuance costs under US GAAP and an example of accounting for such costs using the effective interest rate method and the straight-line method.

May 30, 2013

In this article we will discuss special journals and provide an example of a purchases special journal.

May 16, 2013

Fixed asset (property, plant and equipment) rollforwards represent an important accounting tool for period end closes, financial statement preparation and so forth. In this article we discuss the nature and provide an example of a fixed asset rollforward.

<< Previous    ...   7    8    9    10    11    12    13    14    15    16    ...   Next >>   

Accounting Articles
Accounting Articles include guides and answers. Accounting guides explain application of accounting principles in practice. Great assistance if you are looking for real-life accounting situations. Accounting answers explain particular accounting topics suggested by our website users. Great to find quick answers for specific topics.